According to a recent study by Addictions.com, country music mentions drugs more than any other musical genre, with the most-referenced drug being marijuana.
Those results may come as a shock to some listeners who assumed that rap or hip-hop music might reference drugs more, but 1.6 percent of all country music surveyed by Addictions.com’s Song Meanings Application Programming Interface (API) references drugs on average, compared to less than 1.3 percent on average in hip-hop music.
Jazz music came in second place, although the study does not disclose the average percentage.
But what constitutes a drug reference? And what counts as “country” music for Addictions.com? For starters, alcoholic beverages are not classified as drugs in the study (or else, country music would win this by a landslide). According to the methodology of the study, Addictions.com “scraped song lyrics from Song Meanings API and analyzed drug mentions, what drugs were involved, and how it changed over time, and grouped drug slang words together in their respected drug categories.”
After going over the data from songs from country, rock, jazz, rap/hip-hop, pop, folk and electronic genres from 1933 until now, the drug references were grouped into seven categories:Pills (which includes all Opiates except Heroin, Benzodiazepines, Sleep medication, and ADHD medication), Heroin, Marijuana, LSD, Cocaine (which includes both crack cocaine and cocaine), Ecstasy (This includes MDMA and molly), and Meth.
After all that, country music came out on top, with 1.6 percent of all songs studied since 1933 referencing some sort of drug. According to the study, the top three drugs referenced in country music were marijuana, cocaine and methamphetamine.
It should be noted that most country songs decry drug consumption (with the exception of alcohol, and, very recently, marijuana). No country artists were mentioned in the study, but artists like Johnny Cash, Merle Haggard, Old Crow Medicine Show, Jamey Johnson, John Prine and many others have referenced marijuana, pills, cocaine or heroin in their songs as hazardous and not recreational.
However, once the study results are broken down into the musicians that reference drugs the most, country artists don’t even crack the Top 10. That honor goes to all hip-hop artists, most notably Kottonmouth Kings, Eminem, The Game, Lil’ Wayne and Jay-Z.
If you want to see just how many country music songs reference drugs, take a listen to the playlist below (though we would never condone the use of recreational drugs).
When Glenn Jacobs' treasurer filed the necessary paperwork for a potential political campaign last month, it became national news that the World Wrestling Entertainment star known as “Kane” might run for mayor of Knox County, Tennessee.
On Tuesday, Jacobs made it official. Speaking to a crowd at Sweet P’s Barbecue and Soul House, the pro wrestler announced his intention to seek the Republican nomination for mayor.
“As Knox County mayor I promise to keep taxes low and make Knox County a place everyone can be proud of,” Jacobs promised. “I see my role as that of a facilitator among the different communities in our area. And also I think that Mayor (Tim) Burchett has done a very good job with transparency in government and I would continue along those lines.”
The 2018 election for Knox County mayor will be for an open seat to replace Burchett.
Jacobs focused on the themes of jobs, education and smaller government, repeating a version of Ronald Reagan’s conservative mantra that “government is not the solution to our problem; government is the problem.”Glenn Jacobs announcing his bid for mayor
The WWE star told Rare on Tuesday that his belief in free markets and individual liberty were part of what interested him in becoming involved in politics, and he saw his Republican brand as being similar to that of libertarians like Sen. Rand Paul, Reps. Justin Amash and Thomas Massie, and also his own congressman, Rep. Jimmy Duncan.
Jacobs has lived in Knox County for over two decades, roughly the same amount of time his “Kane” character has endured as one of the top stars in the pro wrestling industry.
“For the past 22 years I’ve had the pleasure of living here in East Tennessee,” Jacobs said Tuesday. “Because my career with the WWE has taken me all around the world on a weekly basis, me family and I could live pretty much anywhere in the U.S.”
“We live here because we want to,” Jacobs said to applause. “We live here because we love it here.”
Jacobs and his wife Crystal own an insurance agency in the Knoxville area.
At least two other challengers for mayor are expected to run, including County Commissioner Bob Thomas, who has already announced, and Knox County Sheriff Jimmy Jones.
Though Jacobs wrestled under other monikers prior for a number of years, his “Kane” character was introduced to WWE fans in 1997.
Disclosure: Glenn Jacobs is a Rare contributor.
Pitt is accused of being “verbally abusive” and getting “physical” with one of his children on the family's private plane last Wednesday, a source previously said.
Jolie filed for divorce from Pitt after their two-year wedding anniversary. The couple has been together for 12 years and has six children.The L.A. County Department of Children and Family Services is investigating Pitt, 52, after the alleged incident was anonymously reported to them. The case also has been referred to the FBI under special aircraft jurisdiction due to the incident being mid-flight.
"There was a parent-child argument which was not handled in the right way and escalated more than it should have," the source told the magazine.
The source said Pitt did not hurt his son. “He is emphatic that it did not reach the level of physical abuse, that no one was physically harmed. He did not hit his child in the face in any way. ... He put his hands on him, yes, because the confrontation was spiraling out of control."
Any alleged beef between singers Aretha Franklin and Patti LaBelle may be settled in the food aisle of your favorite grocery store.
Franklin plans to come out with a food line that will likely include desserts.
The Queen of Soul talked about her food products with Detroit Local 4. She said she also plans to offer chili, her special gumbo and baked chicken and dressing in a loaf pan. The singer said she is in talks with a company based in Phoenix to create the products.
LaBelle released a line of desserts last fall that are now sold in Walmart stores. Her sweet potato pies flew off shelves during the holidays. She got a helping hand from unofficial pitchman James Wright Chanel, who sang his way to becoming a viral sensation and Thanksgiving dinner at LaBelle’s home.
Franklin said she hasn’t had a chance to try LaBelle’s pie, but advised, "Ms. Patti’s gonna have to move that pie to the side."
We’re not rushing to judgment until we taste what Franklin has to offer.
Then we’ll find out who gets the "R-E-S-P-E-C-T."
Briarpatch Ranch Estate Sale
When: Oct. 16-18, Oct. 30-Nov. 1
Where: 519 Briar Patch Road, Lockhart
How many homes can claim their own freeway exit? Briarpatch Ranch, located just north of Lockhart on Texas 130, can.
This weekend — and then again in two weeks — the eclectic ranch complex built by the late Dollie Ann Fechner Cole and her family will turn once again into a giant estate sale. Two sales have already taken place, but innumerable items remain.
Now, don’t visualize overpriced antiques and heirloom paintings. Cole, who died in August 2014, just loved buying. Often, in bulk. Sometimes at estate sales, like this one at her stone ranch house and nearby barns; sometimes at Kmart.
>> Read more trending stories
On sale are tens of thousands of items, some high-end, many others bargain-basement. Pieces of apparel alone numbered more than 5,000, guesses her daughter, Anne Cole Pierce, who oversees the bazaar.
“People from Lockhart lined up to see Mom’s closets,” Pierce says. “They’d heard about them for years.”
Also, don’t expect the house to be some sterile testament to oversized luxury. This is a working ranch with cattle wandering up to a patio that overlooks an ample stock pond. And although large — about 15,000 square feet — the house itself is more whimsical than overpowering. One room was salvaged from an old cotton gin, another from a Wendy’s burger stand.
Fort Worth-born Cole, a startling beauty and widow of former General Motors president Edward N. Cole, liked old things. Her land — there’s another ranch south of town, which once included a “living history” village staffed by locals in costume — is dotted with full-size school buses, fire trucks, portable school houses and a post office.
On the South Ranch sits a 1917 ice skating rink, right where Cole moved it.
Cole also collected famous friends — Carol Burnett, John Glenn, Barbara Walters, Phyllis Diller, Barbara Stanwyck, Jim Nabors, Ruth Buzzi and Andy Griffith — who relished her themed parties. Her guest list was inclusive. Sales clerks and other acquaintances were always invited to her shindigs.
Cole also loved giving things away. She sent truckloads of goods to the survivors of Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans and the Labor Day fires in Bastrop. Among her major charities were Lockhart’s Pegasus School, the National Corvette Museum, the Smithsonian’s National Air and Space Museum, PBS, the Michigan Humane Society, the Detroit Zoo and Project Hope.
She didn’t just write checks. While serving on boards, she urged groups to take sometimes controversial decisions, like mixing African-American and white children at play for the first time on a public television show.
“She said what she thought, and she did what she thought was right,” Pierce says. “When Project Hope was in its infancy — not as well funded then — it ran out of money for fuel for its floating hospital ship when it was in a South American country. Mother put all her gas cards on the table and got everybody else on board to do it, and they got the ship fueled.”
Quite a journey
Cole came from a broken home. She was Miss Dr Pepper of 1950 and a rodeo barrel rider. She summered in Kingsville and looked not unlike movie star Grace Kelly.
Her future husband spent most of his adult years as an executive in the car industry. He was one of the chief architects of the Corvette, as well as father of the Corvair and the small-block Chevy V8 engine.
They met on a date for dinner and a Broadway show.
“Halfway through the show, he said, ‘Will you marry me?’ and she said yes,” Pierce recalls. “This was their first meeting! They were very well matched.”
Supportive yet independent, Cole could hunt and fish as well as look effortlessly elegant and sound awfully convincing in public arenas.
“She changed what executive wives did,” says Pierce, 61, an attorney married to a retired GM executive. “Before, it was: ‘Don’t be noticed.’ Mom wasn’t about that. She was very outspoken. ‘She inspired charity and controversy.’ That was the title of an article about her in the the New York Times.”
Cole’s husband, who adopted two of her children, including Pierce, from a previous marriage, moved on to other companies after retiring from GM. He died while flying to work on May 2, 1977.
Dollie Cole outlived him by almost four decades. Besides Pierce, she left behind three sons: W.J. “Jeffy” McVey, Robert Michael “Joe” Cole, and Edward Nicholas “Nick” Cole Jr., the rancher who lives on the land and who built large parts of Briarpatch Ranch.
As part of a contemplated family agreement, Jeffy will buy a quarter of the ranch, and Nick will buy almost all the rest from the estate, except the main house and about 33 acres, which will continue to be used for special events as well as for movie and television productions. Briarpatch has already starred as a location for “From Dusk to Dawn,” “Revolution,” “The Leftovers,” “Bed of Lies,” “The Green Ghost” and “Machete,” among other films and TV shows.
Work started on the main barn in 1984, and construction was continual for the next three decades. Besides the main house, the structures include a guest house, a fun house, a gift house, Jeffy’s house, the main barn, a big shop, three other large buildings and many smaller ones.
“She was from Texas and loved Texas,” Pierce says. “And she was married briefly to Richard ‘Dick’ Reynolds, father of Mike Reynolds, who had a ranch nearby.”
Dick Reynolds, who died in 2014, had earlier married into the Kleberg family of King Ranch fame and had joined his brother in the menswear business running the Reynolds-Penland stores. One of his daughters is philanthropist Katherine “Chula” Reynolds.
While she gave much of her wealth away, Cole could not resist acquisition.
“Mother had a black belt in shopping, and it was well-earned,” Pierce says. “She was a big gift giver.”
The family is sending the contents of a 53-foot trailer of files and films from their father’s executive years in Detroit to the Bentley Museum at the University of Michigan, in keeping with their historical value. Files from Corvair-related litigation — consumer advocate Ralph Nader bashed the car in his book “Unsafe at Any Speed” — will stay with the family.
“Dad debated Nader on the ‘Phil Donahue Show,’” Pierce says. “After Mom cold-called into an earlier show, taking on one of Nader’s most vocal supporters.”
Now that’s an estate sale
What to do when someone like Dollie Cole dies?
“When a person of means passes away, you have nine months to do the federal inheritance tax return,” Pierce says. “You have to make important decisions, hire lawyers, accountants, appraisers. It’s very overwhelming.”
The inheritance tax return alone weighed 27 pounds.
The third sale, this weekend, will open up new buildings. The whole circus is being handled by June Hayes, who does appraisals and estates from her base in San Antonio. Hayes and her staff helped stage all the nicer items in the main house, garages and main barn and will be working on the other buildings shortly.
“June’s motto is you need to amaze and enchant,” Pierce says. “Don’t just throw things on tables. Arrange them by themes in a way that is appealing and interesting. It’s a huge undertaking. There’s so much, and so much of it is different, unusual, exotic.”
Hayes’ staff has been at the house three days a week for months. Volunteers from the Settlement Home for Children, which runs a massive pre-holiday garage sale each year at Palmer Events Center, helped out during the first sales. Helpers from the 100 Club of Central Texas will man sale No. 3.
“Mom was very involved in that charity, too, helping to raise money for families of first responders killed in the line of duty,” Pierce says. “It was very generous of both charities to help out — giving back to someone who made it a mission in life to give back.”
Overseeing the sales keeps Pierce busy, but she sorely misses the person who was the center of her life for so long.
“She was fun and funny, and we had a great time,” Pierce says of her mother. “One thing I learned is that every parent should write a letter to each of their children and hide it to be found. It’s one last touch.”
While she never found such a letter, she felt two “touches.” While cleaning out her mother’ desk, she found, under the pen holder in the main drawer, two of June Hayes’ cards.
“I didn’t know that Mom came down to her sales in San Antonio,” Pierce says. “I asked June about it, and she said: ‘Oh yes, especially if there were alligator bags and belts.’ But June never pulled the I-knew-your-mother card. Classy.”
To appraise Cole’s gun collection, Pierce hired a “great old Texas character,” Waco gun dealer Leo Bradshaw.
“One day, I was organizing her calendars, getting them ready in case the Bentley museum wanted them,” she says. “I picked out her 1971 calendar. I wanted to see if she wrote down my birthday. Tucked inside was Bradshaw’s card. You get that one more touch. Made me smile.”
Just as Toto is about to release their first album in 10 years on March 24, fans and band members honor longtime bassist, Mike Porcaro, who died Sunday. He was 59.
Porcaro was living with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Lou Gehrig's Disease, for quite some time. ALS is a progressive, degenerative disease that eventually leads to paralysis and death. After the diagnosis, Porcaro passed the torch to perform with the band to Leland Sklar in 2007.
In addition to his work with Toto, Porcaro also worked with Seals & Crofts and Boz Scaggs.
Porcaro was one of three brothers in the Grammy-winning band. Now, only one remains - Steve Porcaro, the band's keyboardist - who confirmed the news on Facebook Sunday:
"Our brother Mike passed away peacefully in his sleep at 12:04 AM last night at home surrounded by his family. Rest in peace, my brother."
Drummer Jeff Porcaro, who found great recognition working on Steely Dan's "Katy Lied" album, died at just 38 after spraying insecticide in the yard of his California home. Surviving members David Paich and Steve Lukather are childhood friends of the Porcaros.
Hometown: born in Tulsa, OK. Raised on San Diego, CA. Came to San Antonio in 2012, after living in El Paso, TX for many years.
Personal: Married in 1997. Kids: 1 boy & 1 girl.
Hobbies: Dirt Bike riding, flying. (Private Pilot)
Favorite Movies: The Hunt for Red October, the Jason Bourne movies, Dust to Glory, The Patriot, Shooter, On Any Sunday.
Favorite Food: good ‘ol steak & potatoes, Mexican, Seafood.
Talent I wish I had: Play piano or drums.
Coolest Life experience: Flying an F-16 fighter with Air Force Thunderbirds! I took the stick and did 2 loops, 2 rolls myself. Experienced zero-G and a 9-G turn. (no, I didn’t pass out or throw up)
Last person that made you nervous? Meeting the members of the band RUSH. Other than that, my boss when he texts or comes looking for me.
Guilty pleasure: Chocolate chip cookies.
Place I’d like to travel to: Europe, Australia…maybe another planet. Just worried about getting back.
What inspires me?: God, my family, anyone that has tried to put me down.
Pet Peeves: The “entitlement” disease that some people have. Hard work does pay off.
Most annoying thing about me? Gotta be on time….and ask my kids about their long list of annoying things about me.
Worst “2-song-trainwreck” in my phone? Snoop Dogg “Gin & Juice”…into
George Strait “Give it away.”
Favorite phone App’s: “MyY100,” (had to say that) LiveATC, SkyView.
Words to live by:
Whatever it takes.
The 3 H’s: Happy-Helpful-Humble.
Did someone mistake you for Jesus today?
Take www.y100fm.com everywhere you go! Download your app below from the Google Play Store or Apple App Store:
Enable our Skill today to listen live at home on your Alexa Devices!