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'Welcome to Jupiter': NASA's Juno orbiting 'king of planets' after 5-year journey

Most people looking up at the sky Monday night were enjoying fireworks, but NASA scientists were hoping for an entirely different display for the Fourth of July.

>> Watch the video from Newsy

About 11:53 p.m. ET, NASA’s Juno probe entered Jupiter's orbit after a five-year journey.

"Juno, welcome to Jupiter," said mission control commentator Jennifer Delavan of Lockheed Martin, which built Juno.

It took more than 2 billion miles of flying, but Juno is expected to send back the best photos of Jupiter we've ever seen.

It's not just a sightseeing mission for Juno. It's aiming to get details about Jupiter's composition, which should help scientists figure out how it was formed. That is, if the spacecraft survives.

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All of Juno's sensitive scientific equipment is encased in a 400-pound titanium vault to defend against Jupiter’s magnetic field, but little bits of rock or dust could still do a lot of damage to a craft traveling 130,000 mph. 

If the mission goes smoothly, Juno will give researchers the first close look at what's going on beneath Jupiter's clouds. Scientists are hopeful it will shed light on how other planets developed.

Since Jupiter is made of gas, Juno can't land, so the orbiter will have to take its measurements from a distance. It will continue orbiting the gas giant until it's scheduled to run into Jupiter's clouds and be incinerated in 2018.

This video includes clips from NASA. Music provided courtesy of APM Music.

– The Associated Press contributed to this report.

>> Click here or scroll down to see what NASA was saying on social media

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Turns out robots aren't that great at waiting tables

Video includes a clip from Al Jazeera and images from Getty Images.

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Robots can be programmed to do just about any job these days, from barista to surgeon to hotel concierge.

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But it turns out our electronic friends might not make the best waiters.

According to a report from Chinese newspaper Workers' Daily, three restaurants in the city of Guangzhou were forced to fire their robot wait staff for "incompetence."

CBS quotes one human employee as telling the paper, "The robots weren't able to carry soup or other food steady and they would frequently break down."

Restaurant patrons also complained the robots weren't so great at pouring water and couldn't take orders from customers, which are both pretty essential skills for a waiter.

The robots' service was so bad, in fact, two of the Guangzhou restaurants using them actually had to shut down. 

But that didn't stop yet another Chinese eatery -- the Taste and Aroma restaurant in Guiyang -- from rolling out its new robotic staff earlier this week. It's not yet clear how the restaurant is faring with its new mechanical employees.

Paralyzed man regains control of hand after chip implanted in brain

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Thanks to an experimental treatment that included implanting a chip in his brain, Ian Burkhart was able to regain control of his hand.

Burkhart broke his neck five years ago when he hit the ocean floor while diving off of the coast in North Carolina. The accident left him paralyzed from the chest down with limited movement in his arms and hands, but no feeling in them. On Wednesday, doctors announced Burkhart is able to control his hand using a computer that reads his thoughts and transmits the instructions to the nerves in his hand, bypassing the neck injury.

In 2014, doctors implanted a chip the size of an eraser head in Burkhart’s brain, after he told them he was willing to participate. Burkhart’s father was somewhat hesitant to see his son undergo open brain surgery unnecessarily, but eventually came around to the idea.

>> Click here to watch a report from Nature Video

“There’s the recovery time, the putting the chip in, taking it out — and in the long run it doesn’t benefit Ian one iota,” Doug Burkhart explained to New York Times. “He was doing it for the general good, to move the science along.”

Doctors opened up the part of the brain associated with hand control but needed to do further testing to figure out just where to put the chip, designed to read individual neurons firing.

“We spent an hour and half working to find the exact location,” the surgeon and director of Ohio State’s Center for Neuromodulation, Dr. Ali Rezai, explained.

Once the chip was implanted, the computer needed to learn to translate Burkhart’s thoughts. For several months, Brukhart watched an avatar hand make movements and tried to think of doing it himself. A computer program monitored his thoughts, matching up specific brain signal patterns with movements shown by the avatar hand. While the computer was translating Burkhart’s thoughts, he was working to remember motion commands that went unused for several years.

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“I had to really, really concentrate, just to do these things I did without thinking before,” the 24-year-old said. “But it was like a sport; you work and work and it gradually gets easier.”

Finally, Burkhart’s thoughts were translated into commands directly to his hands.

“Watching him close his hand for the first time — I mean, it was a surreal moment,” Dr. Rezai said. “We all just looked at each other and thought, ‘O.K., the work is just starting.’”

Burkhart can now pick up a bottle and pour the contents into a jar, pick up a straw, stir and even play a guitar video game. While the doctors are thrilled by this development, they recognize the need for further developments. The system only works when Burkhart is in the lab with a big computer plugged into his head.

“If I could take the thing home, it would give me so much more independence. Now, I’ve got to rely on someone else for so many things, like getting dressed, brushing my teeth — all that. I just want other people to hear about this and know that there’s hope. Something will come around that makes living with this injury better.”

iPhone hack: FBI says it only works for 5C; is your iPhone at risk?

On Wednesday, FBI Director James Comey told a group at Kenyon College in Ohio that the U.S. government had purchased "a tool" from a private party in order to unlock an iPhone used by a man who shot and killed 14 people in San Bernardino, Calif., in December.

The announcement came about a week after the agency announced  they had been able to “unlock” the phone without the  help of  its manufacturer, Apple.

>>Have questions about the news? Click here for more Explainers

The FBI and Apple were set to go to court where the Justice Department had hoped a judge would force Apple to show them how to bypass a password security system that would allow them access to information on the phone.

The case was dropped after the FBI announced it had help from a third  party in bypassing the phone security system.

Here’s what we know about the hack, if the government is going to share the info and which phones are vulnerable. 

What happened?

Law enforcement officials recovered an iPhone believed  to have  belonged to Syed Farook, the man who shot and killed 14 co-workers in San Bernardino in December.

FBI officials asked Apple to help them get information from the phone they could to aid in the investigation into the shootings.

Why the FBI initially couldn’t retrieve the information 

The FBI asked for help from Apple to access the information on Farook’s iPhone because a security feature within the phone allows only 10 tries to retrieve a password before the information on the phone is erased. The FBI uses a method called a "brute-force attack," or trying random codes until the right code is entered and a device is “unlocked.” However, the odds are it would have taken more than 10 attempts to hit the correct password on the iPhone.

What they used to get in

No one outside of the FBI and the person who provided the “tool” to get past the password security knows what was used. Whatever it was, allowed unlimited tries to guess the password without the threat of the information on the phone being erased. The FBI also had to deal  with a related Apple security feature that introduces increasing time delays between guesses. Comey has said after the FBI was able to remove the password security features, the agency was able to break into the phone in 26 minutes.

Many in the tech world believe it will only be a matter of time before the hack is revealed.  Apple engineers are said to be working  on a “patch,” or a software upgrade, that will fix the issue that allowed the phone’s security to be circumvented.

Why Apple didn’t help

Apple said this in a statement after the FBI announced it was able to gain access to the phones information:

"From the beginning, we objected to the FBI's demand that Apple build a backdoor into the iPhone because we believed it was wrong and would set a dangerous precedent. As a result of the government's dismissal, neither of these occurred. This case should never have been brought.

We will continue to help law enforcement with their investigations, as we have done all along, and we will continue to increase the security of our products as the threats and attacks on our data become more frequent and more sophisticated.

Apple believes deeply that people in the United States and around the world deserve data protection, security and privacy. Sacrificing one for the other only puts people and countries at greater risk.

This case raised issues which deserve a national conversation about our civil liberties, and our collective security and privacy. Apple remains committed to participating in that discussion."

What the FBI did and maybe shouldn’t have done

For nearly 20 years, the U.S. government  has recommended  that its intelligence agencies work confidentially with a software manufacturer before revealing a security problem with a product. This measure is generally used so that a company – or the country’s economy – is not damaged. The FBI  seems to have disregarded that recommendation with its announcement.

The Associated press quoted an April 2014 statement from the Office of the Director of National Intelligence that said, "When federal agencies discover a new vulnerability in commercial and open source software — a so-called 'zero day' vulnerability because the developers of the vulnerable software have had zero days to fix it — it is in the national interest to responsibly disclose the vulnerability rather than to hold it for an investigative or intelligence purpose,"

 What the FBI isn’t going to do

The FBI says it is still considering whether to let Apple know what they used to bypass the security systems. "We tell Apple, then they're going to fix it, then we're back where we started from," Comey said. "We may end up there, we just haven't decided yet."

In the meantime, the FBI sent a letter to law enforcement agencies, that, according to Reuters, offers help in hacking devices. 

“As has been our longstanding policy, the FBI will, of course, consider any tool that might be helpful to our partners,” the letter read. “Please know that we will continue to do everything we can to help you consistent with our legal and policy constraints. We are in this together.

Is your phone safe?

Comey said the tool the agency purchased worked only on a "narrow slice of phones"  --  specifically the iPhone  5C running the iOS9 operating system. It does not work  on the 5S or the newest Apple models, the director said.

Sources: The Associated Press; Reuters; Fox News; National Public Radio

Ill children can now see the world without leaving St. Jude Hospital

Video includes clips from Expedia.

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St. Jude Children's Research Hospital and Expedia have teamed up in a seriously cool way to help sick children.

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The "St. Jude Dream Adventures" campaign, the 360-degree virtual experience room at the Memphis, Tennessee, location, lets children too sick to leave the hospital experience what it's like to travel the world.

Here's how it works: An Expedia employee will travel to the child's dream location, which can be anywhere from an underwater tour to watching wild horses in Argentina.

Once there, children will have the experience in real time with the employee, which gives kids the opportunity to ask questions and learn from tour guides.

 

The project is the brainchild of the 180LA creative agency. While this initial exhibition only featured four children, the agency said it's talking with the hospital about making it a permanent installation.

180LA, St. Jude and Expedia have teamed up before. A few years ago, the trio released an ad where Santa flew coach around the world so he could donate his Expedia+ points to the hospital.

Scientists claim they've found way to download information directly to brain

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There may not be a need to cram before a test in the future.

Scientists said they have designed a simulator that will feed information directly into a brain, The Telegraph reported.

They said that it could be a step closer to making the instant learning that was seen in "The Matrix" a reality.

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In the movie, Neo, played by Keanu Reeves, learned kung fu moments after it was uploaded to his brain.

HRL Laboratories said that by using low-current electrical brain stimulation, they can help people learn complex skills.

They recorded the brain activity of six commercial and military pilots, then transmitted the patterns into novice pilots as they learned to fly in a flight simulator.

The novices were able to fly better with the experts' patterns being beamed into their brains.

Watch the video below, or click here.

The study appears in Frontiers in Human Neuroscience.

What are gravitational waves; why Einstein was right

Researchers Thursday announced they have proof of what Albert Einstein predicted more than 100 years ago – that “gravitational waves” exist in the universe, and as they ripple through galaxies they generate enough power to distort time.   

The National Science Foundation announced Thursday that for decades researchers have searched for the waves but have been unable to prove their existence. That all changed when twin instruments — one  in Louisiana and one in Washington State — found evidence of the waves when they followed a sequence of events after two black holes merged.

The discovery helps to prove Einstein’s General Theory Relativity in which he predicted the existence of the waves. The waves were described by Einstein as are faint ripples in spacetime, or the theoretical fourth dimension that combines time with direction. 

Wondering what the fourth dimension is? Check it out here.

The discovery of the waves, believed to be caused by violent collisions in the universe, also offers evidence that black holes do exist.  

According to a story from The Associated Press, scientists worldwide see the announcement as a life-changing event.

"It's really comparable only to Galileo taking up the telescope and looking at the planets," said Penn State physics theorist Abhay Ashtekar, who wasn't part of the discovery team. "Our understanding of the heavens changed dramatically."

The discovery was made by a team numbering into the thousands, according to the announcement, working at the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO).

See Stephen Hawking's reponse to the discovery

The observatory used a  air of gigantic instruments in Hanford, Wash., and Livingston, La. in making the discovery. Rumors of the find had circulated for the past few months in scientific circles.

“We did it!” says David Reitze, a physicist and LIGO executive director at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) in Pasadena. “All the rumors swirling around out there got most of it right.”

“This is transformational,” said Prof. Alberto Vecchio, of the University of Birmingham, and one of the researchers at Ligo. “This observation is truly incredible science and marks three milestones for physics: the direct detection of gravitational waves, the first detection of a binary black hole, and the most convincing evidence to date that nature’s black holes are the objects predicted by Einstein’s theory.”

Einstein’s theory reasons that an object with mass warps the curvature of space and time -- imagine a bowling ball on a trampoline bed. The mass, in this case it was two black holes colliding, stirs space and time, generating "gravitational waves" that ripple out from the collision at the speed of light.

For a timeline of the search for evidence of gravitational waves, check out this post at sciencemag.org.

New iPhone feature costs family $2,000

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A new iPhone feature led a Denver, Colorado, family to be charged a hefty fee on their cellphone bill.

 Ashton Feingold was in his bedroom on his phone when he got a notification from his cellphone provider about his data usage

“It just said maybe 65 percent of your data has been used,” he told CBS4.

Feingold did not think much of it and continued using his phone as usual.

“(The bill came) and it was over $2,000,” Ashton's father Jeff Feingold said. “Usually it was about $250 a month.”

“I thought my dad was going to kill me,” Ashton Feingold said.

It turns out that Wi-Fi Assist is to blame.

Wi-Fi Assist is a feature that is available on iPhones running operating system 9.1 or higher.

The feature automatically uses data when Wi-Fi signals are weak.

Feingold’s bedroom has a weak Wi-Fi signal. Because the feature is on by default, he was using data when he thought he was using Wi-Fi.Feingold ended up using 144,000 megabytes of data.

CBS spoke with Mike Campbell of Apple Insider, who said, “It comes by default, it’s switched on, that’s part of the reason why there’s kind of an uproar.”

Apple’s support site says users might use more data with this feature, but “for most users, this should only be a small percentage higher than previous usage.”

To turn off Wi-Fi Assist, users can go to their settings app, then cellular and scroll down to Wi-Fi assist, switching it off.

The world's first 'smart bra' is finally here

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Move over Apple Watch and Fitbit. There's new biometric technology on the market.

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A Canadian-based company is promoting what it's calling the world's first smart bra.

The OMbra, made by OMsignal, has built in sensors that track heart rate, breathing rate and calories burned, among other metrics. The data is then accessed through a mobile app.

"Women gravitate towards wearables, but they don't want an item they have to put on or worry about every day," said OMsignal chief marketing officer Shaz Khang. "If they're going to be wearing it all day, they want to get more information."

In 2014, the company released a line of smart shirts for men. Now, OMsignal is expanding its product line.

"After much applause and a plethora of requests from eager women who wanted in on the action too, the day has finally come for us to reveal the OMbra," the company's site reads. 

According to CBS News, a team of sports bra designers, scientists and engineers worked to produce the final design after testing at least 1,633 prototypes.

The smart bra is set to debut at the Consumer Electronics Show this week in Las Vegas.

It will begin shipping in the spring with a price point of about $150.

Read more or preorder the garment here.

Far out: The year 2015 in space stories

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The past year was a huge one for space stories.

Here are some of the most-shared and widely discussed stories from the year 2015: In space.

For starters, there were 86 launches to orbit this year, according to Newsy.

SpaceX finally launched and landed Falcon9 succssfully, one month after Blue Origin did so. 

Billionaire CEOs Elon Musk, who comandeered SpaceX's effort, and Jeff Bezos, who oversaw Blue Origin, trolled each other about it on Twitter.

Musk congratulated Bezos via Twitter but then tried to one up him by explaining the difference between space and orbit.

In other space news, NASA scientists received their closest look at Pluto to date. And earlier in the year, they also saw Pluto and its moon like never before.

Scott Kelly set the record the most time spent in space by a U.S. astronaut in October.

One month before that, water was discovered on Mars

This NASA photo of Mars had everyone talking as well. Did or do you see a creature there?

A weather balloon that had been lost for two years turned up with stunning images of the Grand Canyon in September as well.

Oh, and Matt Damon received critical acclaim for his role in "The Martian," too. That counts, right?

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